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Italian olive varieties

Our intense and prolonged activity of olive tree selection has generated a number of varieties which has no equal in the world; it is estimated that over 500 varieties of olive trees can be found in Italy.

  • Ascolana tenera

    Synonyms Oliva dolce
    Diffusion Marche and central Italy
    Origin Italia
    Usage table
  • Biancolilla

    Synonyms Bianca, Bianchetta, Bianchetto, Biancolella, Biancolina, Biancuccia, Bianculidda, Biancuzza, Bruscarinu, Gaetana, Giarrazza, Imperialidda, Janculitta, Jancuzza, Marmorina, Marmurina, Napoletana, Niccittisa, Nocellara, Nuciddara, Ogliara, Pruscarina, Rizza, Signura, Siracusana, Ugliara
    Diffusion Central and eastern Sicily
    Origin Italia
    Usage oil
  • Bosana

    Synonyms Algherese, Aligaresa, Bosano, Bosarca, Bosinca, Olia de Ozzu, Olia terza, Olieddu, Oliva bianca, Palma, Sassarese, Sivigliana da olio, Tondo di Sassari, Tondo
    Diffusion Sardinia
    Origin Italy
    Usage oil
  • Canino

    Synonyms Caninese, Montignoso, Oliva Canina, Olivastro Canino, Olivella
    Diffusion Lazio
    Origin Italy
    Usage oil
  • Casaliva

    Synonyms Bagoler, Calma, Casali, Casalin, Casalivo, Drizer, Drezzeri, Drissar, Drizar, Olivo Casalino, Olivo gentile, Zentil
    Diffusion Veneto
    Origin Italy
    Usage oil
  • Cassanese

    Synonyms Cassanisa, Grossa di Cassano, Precoce di Cassano
    Diffusion Veneto
    Origin Italy
    Usage oil
  • Cellina di Nardò

    Synonyms Asciulo, Cafaredda, Cafarella, Cascia, Cascioulo, Cellina inchiastra, Cellina femmina, Cellina leccese, Cellina legittima, Cellina mascolina, Cellina salentina, Cellina tarantina, Cellina termetara, Gasciola, Leccese, Leccina, Morella, Muredda, Oliva di Lecce, Oliva di Nardò, Saracena, Saracina, Scurranese, Vosciola
    Diffusion Puglia
    Origin Italy
    Usage oil
  • Cima di Mola

    Synonyms Ogliarola di Mola
    Diffusion Puglia
    Origin Italy
    Usage oil
  • Coratina

    Synonyms Cima di Corato, Coratese, La Valente, Olivo a confetti, Olivo a grappoli, Olivo a racemi, Olivo a racimolo, Olivo a riciùoppe, Racema, Racemo di Corato, Racemo, Racioppa, Racioppa di Corato
    Diffusion Puglia
    Origin Italy
    Usage oil
  • Cucco

    Synonyms Chietina, Coglioni di gallo, Francavillese, Francavinese, Lancianese, Oliva del mezzadro, Oliva tonda, Olivoce, Olivona, Olivone, Testicolo di gallo
    Diffusion Abruzzo and Molise
    Origin Italy
    Usage table and oil-making
  • Dolce Agogia

    Synonyms Agogio, Gogio, Nerella, Oliva Agogia, Oliva da conciare, Oliva dolce, Olivella, Olivo Agogio, Raia
    Diffusion Umbria
    Origin Italy
    Usage oil
  • Dritta

    Synonyms Dritta di Loreto, Dritta di Moscufo, Lordana, Loretana, Moscufese, Moscufo
    Diffusion Abruzzo
    Origin Italy
    Usage oil
  • Frantoio

    Synonyms Bresa fina, Comune, Correggiolo, Crognolo, Frantoiano, Gentile, Infrantoio, Laurino, Nostrato, Oliva lunga, Pendaglio, Pignatello, Raggio, Raggiolo, Rajo, Razza, Razzo, Solciaro, Stringona
    Diffusion Central Italy and numerous olive-growing countries
    Origin Italy
    Usage oil
  • Giarraffa

    Synonyms Becco di corvo, Cacata di chioccia, Cefalutana, Ciocca, Giardara, Giarrafara, Giarraffella, Giarraffu mammona, Pizzu di corvu, Raffa, Raffu
    Diffusion Central and northwestern Sicily
    Origin Italy
    Usage table
  • Grignan

    Synonyms Bersan, Gargnà, Gargnano, Gargnan, Negrar
    Diffusion Veneto and Lombardy
    Origin Italy
    Usage oil
  • Itrana

    Synonyms Aitana, Aitanella, Aitanesca, Attanesca, Auliva a Acqua, Cicerone, Esperiana, Gaetana, Gitana, Iatanella, Itana, Oliva di Esperia, Oliva di Gaeta, Oliva grossa, Olivacore, Raitana, Reitana, Strano, Tanella, Trana, Valletrana
    Diffusion Lazio
    Origin Italy
    Usage table and oil-making
  • Leccino

    Synonyms Leccio, Premice, Silvestrone
    Diffusion Tuscany, Umbria and different olive-growing areas
    Origin Italy
    Usage oil
  • Majatica di Ferrandina

    Synonyms Gentile, Gentile di Matera, Maggiatica, Majatica, Materna, Oliva di Ferrandina, Oliva dolce, Paesana, Pasola
    Diffusion Basilicata
    Origin Italy
    Usage table and oil-making
  • Moraiolo

    Synonyms Anerina, Assisano, Bucino, Carboncella, Cimignolo, Corniolo, Fosco, Migno, Morella, Morellino, Morello, Morichiello, Morina, Morinello, Muragliola, Neraiolo, Nerella, Nerina, Neriolo, Nostrale, Ogliolo, Oliva nera, Oliva tonda, Oriolo, Petrosello, Ruzzolino, Tondello, Tondolina, Tondorina
    Diffusion Central Italy
    Origin Italy
    Usage oil
  • Nocellara del Belice

    Synonyms Aliva da salari, Aliva di Castelvetrano, Aliva tonda, Aliva tunna, Aneba, Anerba, Bianculidda, Giarraffa, Mazara, Neba, Nebba, Nerba, Niciddalora, Nocciolara, Nocellaia, Nocellara di Castelvetrano, Nociara, Nociddara, Nocillara, Nuciddara, Oliva da salari, Oliva di Castelvetrano, Oliva di Mazara, Oliva tonda, Oliva tunna, Trapanese
    Diffusion Western Sicily
    Origin Italy
    Usage table
  • Nocellara Etnea

    Synonyms Augghialora, Bianca, Forte, Ghiandalora, Janca, Marmarigna, Marmorigna, Marmorina, Marmurigna, Marmurina, Minnullara, Nagghiara, Nocellaia, Nocellara, Nociara, Nucidalaria, Nuciddara, Oliva di Paternò, Oliva verde, Paisana, Partisciana, Partornese, Patornisa, Paturnisa, Pizzuta, Pizzutedda, Rappara, Tortella, Tortidda, Turtedda, Turtidda, Verdesca, Verdese, Virdisi, Virdisia, Virdusedda
    Diffusion Eastern Sicily
    Origin Italy
    Usage table and oil-making
  • Ogliarola barese

    Synonyms Aliva Baresana, Ascolana, Baresana, Bitontina, Castellaneta, Cima di Bitonto, Marinese della Capitanata, Marinese di Lavello, Nostrale di Venosa, Nostrana bitontina, Ogliarola di Bitonto, Ogliarola di Molfetta, Ogliarola di Venosa, Oliva ascolana, Olivo baresano, Olivo d'Ascoli, Olivo nostrale, Olivo paesano, Paesana di Bitonto
    Diffusion Puglia and Basilicata
    Origin Italy
    Usage oil
  • Oliva di Cerignola

    Synonyms Barilotto, Bella di Cerignola, Cerignolese, Grossa di Spagna, Lunga, Oliva a ciuccio, Oliva a prugna, Oliva di Spagna, Oliva grossa, Oliva lunga, Oliva manna, Olivo dell'asino, Prone, Prugne, Spagnola
    Diffusion Puglia
    Origin Italy
    Usage table
  • Ottobratica

    Synonyms Dedarico, Dolce, Mirtoleo, Ottobratico, Ottobrarico
    Diffusion Calabria
    Origin Italy
    Usage oil
  • Pendolino

    Synonyms Maurino fiorentino, piangente
    Diffusion Central Italy
    Origin Italy
    Usage oil
  • Pisciottana

    Synonyms Ogliastrina, Olivo dell'Ascea
    Diffusion Campania
    Origin Italy
    Usage oil
  • Pizz'e Carroga

    Synonyms Bianca di Villacidro, Becco di cornacchia, Carroga, Oliva bianca, Oliva di Villacidro, Pizzu de Carroga, Puntuda, Puntuta
    Diffusion Southern Sardinia
    Origin Italy
    Usage table and oil-making
  • Rosciola

    Synonyms Caprigna, Caprigne, Caprino, Ogliarola, Procanica, Ragiola, Rasciola, Razzetta, Ricciuta, Risciola, Rossa, Rossaia, Rossastro, Rossellino, Rossolino, Rossolo, Rusciola, Tordino
    Diffusion Marche, Umbria, Lazio and Abruzzo
    Origin Italy
    Usage oil
  • Sant'Agostino

    Synonyms Cazzarola, Oliva andriesana, Oliva di Andria, Oliva dolce di Andria, Oliva grossa, Oliva grossa andriesana, Oliva pane, Oliva senza pane
    Diffusion Puglia
    Origin Italy
    Usage table
  • Santa Caterina

    Synonyms Oliva di San Biagio, Oliva di San Giacomo, Oliva lucchese
    Diffusion Tuscany
    Origin Italy
    Usage table
  • Taggiasca

    Synonyms Gentile, Lavagnina, Olivo di Taggia, Pignola d'Oneglia, Tagliasca, Tagliasco
    Diffusion Liguria
    Origin Italy
    Usage oil

Honey muffins

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Ingredients

  • 200 gms cornstarch
  • 400 gms flour
  • 350 gms sugar
  • 250 ml milk
  • 4 eggs
  • 1 sachet of yeast
  • 250 ml Farchioni vanilla-flavored EVO oil
  • 1 jar of honey
  • muffin molds

Procedure

  • Beat sugar and eggs in a bowl until smooth.
  • Add milk then oil while stirring.
  • In a separate bowl, mix cornstarch, flour and yeast.
  • Stir the mix in.
  • Pour into the muffin molds.
  • Bake for 10 minutes at 180 degrees.
  • When the muffins have cooled, top them with honey.

Soft pie crust

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Ingredients

  • 2 whole eggs
  • 180 gms sugar
  • 100 gms Olio d’Oliva Farchioni Speciale per Dolci
  • 100 gms hot milk
  • 200 gms flour
  • 50 gms rice flour
  • 8 gms yeast

Procedure

  • Beat eggs and sugar until frothy.
  • Add the oil and mix.
  • Heat the milk and stir it in.
  • Gently blend flour and yeast into the mixture.
  • Pour into a 20cm mold.
  • Bake for 50 minutes at 180 degrees in a ventilated oven.

Apple pie with olive oil

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Ingredients

  • 4 apples
  • juice of 1 lemon
  • 4 eggs
  • 180 gms sugar + 2 spoonfuls for the apples
  • 120 ml of cinnamon-flavored Farchioni extra virgin olive oil
  • 240 gms all-purpose flour
  • 8 gms baking powder
  • 1/2 teaspoon cardamom powder
  • 1 pinch of salt
  • enough butter to grease the pan
  • 2 tablespoons of apricot jelly

Procedure

  • Heat the oven to 180 ° C.
  • Cut 3 apples into thin slices.
  • Sprinkle the apples with the juice of 1 lemon and 2 tablespoons of sugar; mix and set aside.
  • Beat eggs and sugar until fluffy.
  • Gently pour the mix into the cinnamon flavored extra virgin olive oil, add flour, baking powder, cardamom and salt.
  • Add the apples and stir gently.
  • Grease a 26cm cake pan and fill it with the mix.
  • Peel an apple and cut it into very thin slices to decorate the surface of the cake (you can arrange the slices in concentric circles, starting from the outside).
  • Place the pie in the oven and cook for about 50 minutes.
  • When it is ready, let it cool for 10 minutes on a wire rack.
  • Remove it from the pan and move it to a plate.

CHEF’S ADVICE

Slowly heat the apricot jelly in a saucepan with 2 tablespoons of water until it comes to a boil. Turn the heat off and brush your pie with the jelly reduction: it will make your apples shiny. Let the pie cool completely before slicing it.